Kamchatka is without any exaggeration, one of the most spectacular regions in Russia, a unique land where fire meets ice. The main attractions of Kamchatka are volcanic calderas, stone sculpture “parks” and lakes in their craters, geysers and mineral springs, all in pristine condition. It occupies the area of 470,000 sq. km, which equals the size of France, Belgium and Luxembourg combined. Kamchatka is one of five major geothermal areas in the world, making it a main link in the Earth's "Ring of Fire". With more than 200 volcanoes, 30 of them active, Kamchatka is a prime spot of study for the world's volcanologists. Volcanoes and volcanic peaks, cyclones and underground heat created here a mixture of twenty climate zones and a great variety of flora and fauna.